CYBERSECURITY THREATS AND VULNERABILITIES

CYBERSECURITY THREATS

Threats and vulnerabilities are common problems for system security and performance for many years. These cybersecurity threats are being resolved effectively over the years by using updated software and checks. The problem is that the security gets the update and the threats that cause the problems. Hence, certain ways to counter-attack the threats such as vulnerability test, managed web application firewall, compliance monitoring, penetration testing and cyber incident stimulation, and proper prevention and threat rectification are important nowadays for security purposes. The companies follow so many ways to manage these snags.

Threats that are common for computers

Many computer security threats are malicious and need to be looked at. They are

Malware

Malware is a collective term for viruses, worms, Trojans and destructive programs that are a type of written programs or codes that can alter how a computer works. Like normal viruses, these viruses can also spread from one computer to another through attachments, files, applications, networks and mails. The infected system may get damaged further in data wipeouts and even permanent corruption of the hard disk.

Spywares

Spywares are malicious programs or applications used to collect data without our authorization. These programs enter your computer through downloads and unprotected websites. Some websites do this intentionally to gather our data and sell this information to fraudulent parties.

Phishing

This is a harmful threat for your data since this method of threat is executed by a group of fraudsters by sending malware emails, links and other text messages containing harmful programs to breach through your passwords, bank pins, access credentials etc. The attacker behind this can access your data as a trusted user even without your knowledge.

Proxies

Normally certain companies have an agency permitted to work on their programs and data with their login access. But certain fraudulent agencies, without your permission, access your data and modify it known as proxies.

Botnets

A botnet is a network of devices connected to a single system controlled by hackers to steal data, login credentials, system access and distributed denial of service (DDoS). Cybercriminals mostly use botnets for their activities to prevent the exposure of their identity. These botnets attack your computers in the form of Trojan viruses controlled by several computers connected to a single hub.

Spams

Spams are another way to get viruses into your devices which are done mainly using junk mails. Spams are unrequested annoying messages sent through the internet by fraudulent spammers to breach through your devices.

Hackers

Hackers have strong knowledge in networking, computer programming languages and applications for hacking any type of computer devices to spy, control and even steal money from accounts. Hackers can do all the threats mentioned above with the help of their expertise.

.Prevention of cybersecurity threats

The threats mentioned above can be resolved and even prevented with the help of certain techniques and programs. For small systems, antivirus software capable of defending and removing malware can be installed and used.

Whereas large companies and industries have a huge number of computer devices to take care of from malware, a separate cybersecurity team is created to take measures like web filtering, mail protection, bandwidth monitoring, penetration testing, backup protection, etc. Hackers are countered by individuals of the same skill set in a legal way known as ethical hackers. Thus cybersecurity is not a threat unless prevention and social engineering are resilient.

By Taen

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